common business questions

Bull Creek Wholesale is a Montana based company with its main corporate headquarters located in Hamilton, MT.

We accept either E-check or Bank Wire.

  • E-Check payments are processed on the website
  • Bank wire instructions are available by calling us at 406-361-3633 or you can also request our Bank Wire instructions by emailing us at info@bullcreekwholesale.com
  • Payments on all orders are due at the time of placing the order. If payment is not received within 3 business days the order will be canceled.

Our return policy is as follows: We will accept returns of unopened product up to 5 business days (Mon-Fri) from the date you receive your order. After that any return/exchange requests are on a case by case basis and are typically when a client wants to exchange unopened product or made a mistake when ordering. Any request for an exchange or return must be submitted by either calling our corporate office at 406-361-3633 or sending us an email to info@bullcreekwholesale.com to explain the situation. If we approve the exchange/credit you will be responsible for the return shipping costs unless the item was damaged during shipping or defective. All credits/exchanges will be issued after product has been returned to us. To request a product credit on any damaged/defective items please email us at info@bullcreekwholesale.com or call us at 406-361-3633. Bull Creek Wholesale reserves the right to either approve or deny any request.

We currently only ship within the United States. We will not ship to any state, county, city or perish that has banned or restricted the sale of our products. If you are located in an area that has laws banning these products, please do not order (You will not receive your shipment and your refund may be delayed). At this time we only offer Fedex Ground as a shipping option.

We use shipping software that calculates the weight and measurements of every product added to your cart at checkout. The shipping cost is calculated based on these factors and the distance (zone/miles) that your business is located from ours. 

We cannot begin processing your order until we have received your payment in full. After payment is received, we will begin processing your order for shipping. Please note that orders are processed in the order of when they are received, regardless of the dollar amount. Due to staffing shortages, orders are currently being shipped out within 7-10 business days after payment has been received.

As long as we have your valid email address on file, you will receive tracking notifications via email when your order has shipped.

Applications for new wholesale accounts are typically reviewed within 48 hours of being submitted, Monday – Friday.

If your account is approved we will request that you email us a copy of the following documents before processing any orders for you: 

  • Reseller’s Permit
  • Business License
  • Tax ID / EIN Number

Please send all documents to: info@bullcreekwholesale.com

If you are interested in doing business with us but would like pricing information before applying for an account, please email us a copy of your business license to info@bullcreekwholesale.com and request a price list. Because we only sell to businesses, we need to verify that you have a valid business license, within a location that is legal for us to sell to.  

Our goal is to provide your business with fair pricing and excellent service. If you feel that we can improve in either area please call our corporate office at 406-361-3633 and we will be happy to speak with you.

If you have a product you would like us to stock then please submit your request to us at info@bullcreekwholesale.com and we will see if it makes sense for us to carry it for your future orders.

When any order is placed on our website it’s automatically placed on a “hold” status until we verify that either a Bank Wire or eCheck payment has been submitted. Your invoice will be sent to your email address on file automatically after we have verified your payment and updated your order status to “processing.” We check the status of all orders twice daily, however you may check your order status at anytime by logging into your account and clicking on Orders in the “My Account” section on our website. We also recommend checking your spam/junk folder if you don’t see it. If you still cannot find it, then please call our office at 406-361-3633 immediately so we can resolve the issue for you.

You will receive a email notifying you that your account is now active. In this email you will need to click the blue link to create your password for logging in on the website. If you do not receive a email from us after 48 hours (Mon – Fri) please check your spam or junk folder. You may also call our office at 406-361-3633 for assistance.

  • Regarding Kratom:    Alabama, Arkansas, Hawaii, Indiana, Rhode Island, Vermont, Wisconsin, San Diego CA, Denver CO, Parker CO, Monument CO, Sarasota County FL, Jerseyville IL, Franklin NH 
  • Regarding Hemp CBD less than 0.3% THC:    Idaho, Nebraska 

Currently 7-10 business days from the time we receive payment. We are working with a limited staff at this time and are working to reduce our lead time.

  • Bank wires typically fund to our account within 1 hour from the time you send them, if sent before your banks cuttoff time.
  • eCheck payments may take up to 5 business days to clear, this will be at the banks discretion.

common cbd questions

CBD (Cannabidiol) is a component of either the Cannabis or Hemp plant with therapeutic potential. Researchers are studying the effects of CBD on a wide range of conditions including chronic pain, insomnia, epilepsy, PTSD, anxiety, dementia, inflammation, migraines and much more. Extensive research and some clinical studies have shown that CBD has antiinflammatory, anti-depressant, anti-psychotic, anti-tumoral and neuroprotective qualities. We only sell Hemp derived CBD without the THC cannabinoid which makes it legal to purchase over the counter from any retailer.

It is uncommon for Non-THC CBD products to make you feel “high.” Most people describe CBD as making them feel relaxed but not intoxicated or “high.” For most people taking CBD, they use it 1-3 times daily without any intoxicating feelings. It is always recommend to start with smaller doses and work your way up until you find the dosage that works best for you. Everyone has a different body chemistry so the effects and dosages can be different from that, of someone else.

CBD is legal in most states as long as it is derived from hemp and not marijuana. Furthermore the hemp based CBD product must contain less than 0.3% THC. Some states and counties may have their own laws regarding CBD products so we always recommend checking with your local jurisdictions regarding CBD legalities in your area. Over the counter CBD products are typically hemp derived and sold by retailers in the US. We only sell hemp derived CBD products that are federally legal for purchase in the United States. We DO NOT sell marijuana derived products.

We always recommend ONLY buying CBD products that have been third party lab tested, for potency (how much CBD is actually in the product) and purity, to make sure the product does not contain pesticides, solvents or anything else that should notbe in the product, once the extraction process is complete.

Most drug tests screen for THC not CBD, However any CBD product (typically full spectrum CBD products) may contain trace amounts of THC (less than 0.3%) which could cause a positive result during a drug test.

We always error on the side of caution when it comes to our clients safety and well being. That being said, we suggest talking with your health care provider before taking any CBD products.

It is always suggested to start small when beginning with CBD products. Dosage for CBD can widely vary depending on the person. Example: Person ‘A’ might use 100mg per dose and person ‘B’ might only use 5mg per dose. The best way to figure out your dosage is to start small and increase as needed over time or as you feel comfortable. We always suggest a 21 day “CBD dosage trial period;” meaning you start small and increase daily as needed until you find what is right for YOU. We understand that sometimes people do not want to wait that long to figure out their CBD dosage, but our honest response is “ You’ve lived with the reason you’re trying CBD in the first place for how long? Isn’t it worth 21 days to get accurate feedback from YOUR body so you have a fair chance at regaining your quality of life?” Don’t buy into the hype of CBD being magic oil or an instant problem solver, that’s just simply not how it works. CBD is like a vitamin, taken daily. Use the same dose for several days then adjust as needed, and allow its full potential to prove itself to you.

There are several different ways to use CBD products. Oils, bath products, topical creams, balms, edibles, vape products, inhalers, drinks, capsules, etc.

common nootropics questions

Nootropics are dietary supplements built to safely optimize cognition by manipulating cognitive functions in the brain. They help the brain operate more efficiently by filling in the gaps in our cognitive functions. You should always read the label and check the research on any nootropics you plan to consume.

Nootropics really work depending on the ingredients, dosages and quality. Numerous studies confirm the positive effects of various nootropics on the brain and body. However, this does not go for all supplements labeled as nootropics. Thus, when you buy them, make sure to read the label carefully and do your research.

Certain nootropics have side effects, another reason you need to be careful about your ingredient stack. If you are looking to avoid side effects, you should avoid synthetic, low-quality nootropics, high dosages and any supplement containing stimulants or caffeine. Side effects can range from jitters, headache and energy crash to digestive issues like heartburn or GERD and diarrhea when you ingest low-quality and/or unnecessary ingredients.

Nootropics are used to optimize human cognitive processes. Ultimately, they may help us improve productivity, creativity, anxiety and learning by boosting our focus, memory, motivation and more.

Yes, nootropics are legal, especially natural nootropics. The rules may differ depending on where you live and which nootropics you want to take. In countries like Australia and certain European countries, synthetic, stimulant nootropics like racetam are heavily regulated and require a prescription. Others, like the United States, classify most nootropics as legal dietary supplements. This means they get regulated the same way food does. They are considered safe until they are proven to be unsafe. However, many countries do not regulate nootropics at all, making them 100% legal.

Dietary supplements do not require FDA approval to be sold in the U.S. Since the FDA considers most nootropics dietary supplements, they are treated as safe until proven otherwise. However, the U.S. FDA says certain nootropics like piracetam are not to be sold as medicine or as dietary supplements.

No. Nootropics have absolutely no psychoactive effects because they are not psychoactive drugs. Instead, they are herbal brain supplements that support natural cognitive functions. Instead of causing hallucinations and paranoia like psychoactive drugs can, nootropics can help with memory, motivation, mood balance, concentration and other natural brain processes.

Common drug screenings test for cocaine, PCP, amphetamines, opiates and THC. So, no, natural nootropics should never show up on a common drug screening. But oddly enough, there is always the possibility for a false positive. Why? Well, drug tests are not perfect. They test for substances by testing for certain metabolites that are typically affected by drug use.

common kratom questions

Native to Southeast Asia, Kratom (Mitragyna Speciosa) is a powerful plant used by thousands throughout the world. The potentials of this plant are vast, some of the most prominent include: pain relief, mood lifting, energy, and immune system stimulation. There are entire forums on the use and benefits of this impressive plant, which speak for it’s virtue more than we ever could.

Kratom tolerance is the number one impediment when looking to ensure peak medicinal effects. Besides taking this plant less frequently, there are some tricks one can use to keep tolerance low.

Strain Rotation
Many have found strain rotation is a great way to keep the medicinal effects of Kratom fresh. When using a specific strain for a long period of time, you can develop a tolerance to its specific alkaloid profile. However, by switching strains regularly, the alkaloid levels may not remain stable enough to develop a complete tolerance to the effects.

Methods

  • Rotation by Effects – This method involves using alternating strain types (e.g. Mon.– Sedating, Tue.–Stimulating, Wed.– Sedating).
  • Rotation by Vein Color – Similar to the above method, this involves rotating by vein color (e.g. Mon.– Red, Tues.– White, Weds.– Green).

By using these methods, one can ensure that the alkaloid profiles are as varied as possible on consecutive days or periods, which can keep tolerance at bay for a longer period of time.

However, although using this technique to its fullest potential, requires 3-5+ different strains. This method of tolerance reduction can still be somewhat beneficial with 2 or 3 varieties.

Supplementation
There are a variety of other ways to supplement tolerance reduction, including:

Magnesium
Magnesium supplementation is a great way to keep Kratom tolerance low due to its NMDA antagonist effects, which helps regulate how the brain and body react to frequent exposure to these compounds.

Exercise
Exercise is a very effective yet underrated method of reducing tolerance. Exercising helps in reduction of tolerance, and is cumulative; meaning the more you exercise, and the more in shape you are, the less tolerance is developed, which potentiates the medicinal effects of Kratom.

The use of Kratom goes back several thousand years, but it was first formally documented growing abundantly in Thailand by Dutch Botanist, Pieter Willem Korthals in the early 19th century.

While the birthplace of Mitragyna Speciosa is unknown, it has flourished abundantly in Southeast Asia and Indonesia – growing naturally in regions such as:

  • Thailand
  • Indonesia
  • Sumatra
  • Bali
  • Java
  • The Sunda Isles
  • Borneo
  • Malaysia

As a result of adapting to these different climates and regions, this plant has evolved and diverged into a variety of strains and vein types, each of which vary in both effects and potency. It is those differences that have made Kratom such an incredibly versatile plant.                                                           Further on, we will cover these strain differences at length in order to give you a strong understanding of the varied uses, effects, and potential applications of this unique plant.

The effects of Kratom are both highly flexible and broad due to variations in alkaloid profiles between plants and the unique qualities of the alkaloids themselves; which are largely unlike any others known to exist. Traditionally, it has been used for:

  • Pain relief
  • Mood-lifting
  • Energy Promotion
  • Anxiolytic (Anti-Anxiety)
  • Insomnia Relief
  • Immune System Stimulation
  • Nootropic (Cognition Enhancing)
  • Anti-leukemic
  • Anti-malarial
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Lowered blood sugar

In addition to this large range of applications, this plant also has many other secondary properties such as high-antioxidant with vitamin and mineral content, which has made it an item of interest for general health purposes as well.

Kratom’s presumed pain-killing effects are very pronounced, and  are known to be much more effective than OTC substances when dealing with chronic pain. It is these potent pain-killing effects that have allowed many to become entirely pharmaceutical free (an inspiringly common event within the Kratom community)

As public awareness increases and fear-mongering and disinformation dissipates, you can expect to see this plant as a commonplace alternative to riskier treatments.

Kratom has been known to effectively reduce pain, from conditions such as:

  • Migraines and Cluster Headaches
  • Back Pain
  • Minor Injuries: Burns, Scrapes, Broken Bones
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Neck Pain & Soreness
  • General Neuropathic Pain

Because Kratom’s pain relieving effects occur within the brain, as opposed to OTC pain medications, it is able to effectively reduce any pain signal. For this reason, taking Kratom for pain tends to be far more versatile and powerful for pain relief as it can mitigate pain at the perceptual “root”.

Strains for Pain
The primary reason Kratom is so effective for pain are it’s two primary painkilling alkaloids: Mitragynine, and 7-OH-mitragynine. Which both have agonist activity brain receptors responsible for effectively dampening the body’s perception of pain at the source. As a result, those who are looking for pain relief from Kratom have had best effects with strains high in these two alkaloids. Leaf alkaloid content can vary from plant to plant, and from strain to strain, however, there are a few strains which seem to be the most effective for pain overall. The most popular strains for this purpose are:

Strains

  • Borneo
  • Indo
  • Maeng Da
  • Bali

Preferred Vein Color

  • Red
  • Green

Dosage

  • Moderate/High
  • Moderate

For this purpose, red veined strains tend to be the most reliable for pain relieving effects, although a good green vein can be just as effective. It should be noted, however, that because green veins tend to be more strongly influenced by the effects of the given strain, one should stick to the characteristically pain-relieving varieties mentioned above, such as Indo, Bali or Borneo.

Psychological Effects (Anxiety, Stress relief and Mood-Lifting)
The psychological effects of Kratom are of a very unique quality in comparison to other plants found in nature, as the plant contains both sedating and stimulating properties; these effects can differ depending on the strain, plant and one’s own personal body chemistry. Nearly any quality strain can cause general mood-lifting, but the differences in strain can shift the spectrum of effects between stimulating and sedating, which can largely change the qualities of the experience.

Anxiety and Stress Relief
In order to maximize anxiety relief with Kratom, you will likely be best suited to a strong and sedating strain such as a Borneo or Indo, although other sedating strains can work effectively. In our experience, Borneo Kratom strains have generally been the most effective for relieving stress and restlessness without causing excessive tiredness or brain fog that some varieties of strains like Bali can cause. For those with insomnia in conjunction with anxiety, these strains can also double as a great Kratom strain for sleep.

Immune System Stimulation
Due to the Immunostimulant alkaloids found in Kratom:

  • Isopteropodine
  • Isorhynchophylline
  • Isomitraphylline
  • Mitraphylline

Kratom can be effective for boosting the immune system, which can be effective for conditions ranging from the common cold to the flu, and it may have potential to help many more conditions (although little research in this regard has yet been done). Because of this, many have started to take it at the onset of a sickness to reduce its duration (as well as negate some of its symptoms).

Because the research in this regard is lacking, the strain choices above are only defined by the limited regions that were studied, and so many other varieties of Kratom may have similar Immunostimulant properties.

          • Green Malaysian
          • Borneo
          • Green Vein
          • Moderate – Low

Because strain differences can vary, there is typically no set dose for peak cognition boosting effects – though it typically ranges from low/medium to medium.

If you choose to try a green vein strain, we would suggest a more stimulating variety, such as those mentioned above, at a low dosage, as large doses can sometimes be counterproductive.

Strain Analysis
Due to different growth regions and breeding, Kratom has evolved into a variety of different strains, which can be very different in effects. There are three primary effect categories one can divide strains into: stimulating, sedating and moderate.

It should be noted that every plant within a strain can vary, so in no way are these analyses set in stone; rather we have taken a more statistical approach, based upon large amounts of individual user experience reports to provide a guide to the general strain characteristics.

Stimulating Strains
Stimulating strains are some of the most desirable strains for those with fatigue or lethargy, as well as for those who need to sustain energy and focus for long periods of time.

  • Green Malaysian (Focus)
  • Thai (Focus/Energy)
  • Maeng Da (Focus/Energy)
  • White
  • Green
  • Low – Moderate

Thai Kratom
Thai Kratom is well-known for its powerful energetic effects. The unique alkaloid profile of Thai Kratom often provokes different reactions between different users, and may not be for everyone. However, this strain has a very dedicated following, unlike anything we have seen with other varieties of Kratom.

The pain-killing effects of Thai are variable; typically, red vein Thai (commonly called RVT) is the most effective in regards to analgesia, whereas white and green vein Thai strains, while stimulating, are lacking in this area.

Stimulation: 8 to 9.5 / 10
Pain Relief: 4 – 8 / 10
Mood: 6 – 9 / 10

Maeng Da Kratom
Maeng Da has been widely renowned as one of the most potent strains of Kratom, and for good reason – it can provide both high levels of pain relief and stimulation. This strain has been ideal for those with pain who don’t want to sacrifice energy levels, as well as those who are looking for a mood-boost.

Stimulation: 7 – 8.5 / 10
Pain Relief – 7.5 – 10 / 10
Mood: 7.5 – 10 / 10

Sedating Strains
As a whole, sedating strains are lacking in the more stimulating alkaloids contained in the Thai/Maeng Da strains of Kratom; however, they pack a very large punch as far as pain relief is concerned due to their large concentrations of 7-hydroxy mitragynine. These strains have been traditionally used for chronic pain and mood-lifting.

Borneo Kratom
A high-quality Borneo strain, especially a red vein Borneo, is one of the most unique and you will find in nature; they are highly sedating, great for pain relief, and unparalleled for anxiety/stress relief.

Borneo strains also tend to have a low side-effect factor in comparison to other strains with similar characteristics. You can often distinguish a Borneo by its muscle relaxing qualities, although a few varieties of Indo have been known to have this quality as well.

Stimulation: 1 – 2/10
Pain Relief: 8-10 / 10
Mood: 8 – 10 / 10

Bali Kratom
Bali Kratom is one of the most economical strains due to large leaves and quick growth. Proper dosage for some Bali strains can be difficult, as they are known for their fairly low “wobble” threshold. Though many have found one can minimize this negative by mixing it with another strain.

Stimulation: 2-4 / 10
Pain Relief: 7 – 9.5 / 10
Mood: 7 – 9.5 / 10

Indo Kratom
Indo strains are very well-rounded for pain and have fewer side-effects than comparable Balinese strains, Borneo as well is a variety of indo, but with unique characteristics. Many have reported delayed effects from many types of Indo Kratom, which is likely due to the leaf’s tough cell-walls, similar to Green Malaysian strains.

While the effects are similar to Borneo Kratom strains on paper, regular users may notice some of the subtle but very notable differences experience.

Stimulation: 2-3 / 10
Pain Relief: 8 – 10 / 10
Mood: 8 – 10 / 10

Moderate Strains
Many prefer a moderate strain as their daily go-to, due to its potent, yet smooth, effects. Currently, one of the most common moderate strains is Green Malaysian; however, it is good to remember that the interplay between strains, vein types, breeding, and growing conditions can make a characteristically sedating or stimulating strain moderate.

Green Malaysian
Green Malaysian has long been known as one of the longest-lasting strains due to leaf cell-wall density.

Some have remarked on this strain’s unique nootropic effects, which many have found to increase mental endurance, allowing longer focus. Interestingly, due to the quality of these effects, they are often only noticed in retrospect due to the strain’s characteristically smooth and even-keel effects.

Stimulation: 4-6 / 10
Pain Relief: 6 – 8 / 10
Mood: 7 – 8.5 / 10

Vein Types: Effects & Analysis
Something unique to this plant, in comparison to many other medicinal plants, is the distinct differences of vein color which results from breeding and growth conditions. These different vein colors often correspond to very reliable differences in effects and can provide strong clues as to what to expect from a given strain.

However, there are some minor exceptions, especially when dealing with strains with a less balanced alkaloid profile such as Thai, or Borneo/Indo strains which on the whole provide a more polarized Kratom experience (being more stimulating or sedating, respectively).

Red Vein Kratom
Red Vein Kratom is one of the most popular due to its natural tendency toward higher levels of 7-hydroxymitragynine, which leads to impressive pain-killing effects, sedation, as well as anxiety and stress relief. Red veins also tend to be less at the mercy of individual brain chemistry; whereas white and green vein strains often affect people variably.

Pain Relief: 3/3
Energy: 1/3

White Vein Kratom
Despite the lower amount of 7-hydroxymitragynine found in white vein strains, this vein type should not be treated lightly. White Vein Kratom has a very strong following, and many have found it very effective for conditions such as lack of focus/energy.

Of all the vein types, white vein shows the most potential as a nootropic (cognition enhancing) substance. Many have found that using this vein type first thing in the morning to be a great substitute for coffee due to its “clean” effects on alertness and focus.

Pain Relief: 1/3
Energy: 3/3

Green Vein Kratom
For those who prefer neither the sedation of red veins or the stimulation of white veins, Green Vein Kratom may be the best solution. Green vein strains are (on average) much more moderate in their effects than other the other vein varieties and can provide the best of both worlds, making them commonly used as a daily Kratom. However, green veins tend to be much more easily influenced by individual strain differences, making them the most variable vein type in regard to effects.

Some green vein strains may also provide nootropic effects, and are generally less at the whim of personal brain chemistry than white vein strains tend to be.

Pain Relief: 2/3
Energy: 1.5/3

While typically not as well-rounded as the plain leaf in effects, Kratom extracts can certainly serve a purpose for those with chronic pain or other debilitating conditions in which the plain leaf will not suffice. There is a large variety of different types of extracts with varying effects, based upon both the method of extraction as well as the base plant material used to make them. Read below to learn about these different extract types.

Water-Based Extracts
Water-based Kratom extracts are by far the most common variety. As the name implies, the extract is performed by dissolving a portion of alkaloids into water, straining the powder, and evaporating the water. This process leaves a brownish, more alkaloid-concentrated version of the plain leaf behind.

Water extracts are commonly referred to with an ‘x’ (e.g. 10x, 25x), which implies how much plain leaf material was used to create the same weight of resulting extract.

Pros:

  • More alkaloid-concentrated than plain leaf
  • Can be used in addition to plain leaf to potentiate effects
  • Relatively side-effect free in comparison to resin and full-spectrum extracts
  • More stimulating than the plain-leaf base material
  • Ability to dissolve in water

Cons:

  • Must be taken in conjunction with some plain leaf for best effects
  • Not a well-rounded extract in terms of effects (less pain-killing effect and sedation)
  • High price per potency
  • Can increase tolerance rapidly

Kratom Resin Extracts
In comparison to water-based extractions, Kratom resin extractions have a much more well-rounded profile of effects. These extracts are typically performed by extracting Kratom with both a polar solvent and a non-polar solvent; a simple example of this would be water and ethanol. Like the water extract, the powder is strained and the alkaloid saturated non-polar/polar solvent is left to dry.

Pros:

  • Full-spectrum of effects
  • Ease of use
  • Easy storage
  • High potency per weight

Cons:

  • More expensive than plain leaf
  • Side-effects to potency ratio comparable to plain leaf
  • Temperature-sensitive (melts in minor heat)

Native to Southeast Asia, Kratom (Mitragyna Speciosa) is a powerful plant used by thousands throughout the world. The potentials of this plant are vast, some of the most prominent include pain relief, mood-lifting, energy, and immune system stimulation. There are entire forums on the use and benefits of this impressive plant, which speaks for this plant’s virtue more than we ever could.

Unlike the other forms of extracts, Kratom tinctures can vary in their method of extraction and their potency; because of this, buying them from a disreputable source can leave one disappointed. On the other hand, when they are done well, they can be quite potent.

Pros:

  • Ease of Use
  • Fast-acting
  • Convenience of storage

Cons:

  • Typically expensive
  • Variable Potency
  • Rarely provide a full-spectrum of effects
  • Rapid development of tolerance

Enhanced Leaf
Enhanced leaf has become the go-to choice of many extract users due to its high potency and lack of side effects. Enhanced leaf is used by taking a highly potent Kratom extract, dissolving it in a solution, soaking Kratom leaves/powder in this solution and letting it dry. When done correctly, this method can create a highly potent leaf.

Pros:

  • Very potent when done well
  • Lack of side-effects per potency
  • Typically well-rounded
  • Highly effective for pain

Cons:

  • Relatively high price

The reason for the difference in effects from strain to strain is the variability of kratom’s alkaloids; in fact, there are over 28 identified alkaloids found within the plant with different half-lives and durations. For more information on these alkaloids, their effects, and their content (% of total alkaloid weight, one standard deviation), refer below:

  • 7-hydroxymitragynine – Analgesic/painkiller, antidiarrheal, antitussive – 1.5 – 2.5%
  • Mitragynine – Analgesic/painkiller, antidiarrheal, antitussive, adrenergic receptor agonist (mild stimulant), antimalarial – 40 – 75% (Lowest recorded content: 12%)
  • Speciogynine – Smooth Muscle Relaxer – 6.5 – 7.2%
  • Mitraphylline – Muscle relaxer, vasodilator, anti-hypertensive, anti-amnesic, immune system stimulant, anti-leukemic – less than 1%
  • Epicatechin (EGC) – Antioxidant, antiviral, anti-mutagenic, anti-leukemic, anti-inflammatory, anti-diabetic. Commonly found in green tea. – 1%
  • 9-Hydroxycorynantheidine – Painkiller/analgesic – 1%
  • Corynantheidine – less than 1%
  • Isomitraphylline – Immune System Stimulant – less than 1%
  • Isomitrafoline – Immune System Stimulant – less than 1%
  • Isorhynchophylline – Immune System Stimulant – less than 1%
  • Isopteropodine – Immune System Stimulant – less than 1%
  • Ciliaphylline – Analgesic, antitussive – less than 1%
  • Corynoxine A – Dopamine Mediator – less than 1%
  • Corynoxine B – Dopamine Mediator – less than 1%
  • Ajmalicine – Sedative (Anti-Adrenergic), increase blood flow to the brain, smooth muscle relaxer – less than 1%
  • Rhynchophylline – Anti-inflammatory, vasodilator, anti-hypertensive – less than 1%
  • Speciociliatine – less than 1%
  • Speciophylline – Anti-leukemic – less than 1%
  • Tetrahydroalstonine – Anti-adrenergic, lowers blood sugar – less than 1%
  • Akuammigine – inactive – less than 1%
  • Mitrafoline – inactive – less than 1%
  • Mitraversine – inactive – less than 1%
  • Speciofoline – inactive – less than 1%
  • Stipulatine – inactive – less than 1%

Respected Kratom researchers such as Takayama H, Shellard EJ, Raymond-Hamet, Becket AH, Philipson JD, and Lee CM, have shown that the alkaloid profiles of the plants from different regions vary heavily; especially in Thai strains, in which case mitragynine content is well above the average. Malaysian strains, on the other hand, have proportionally low levels of mitragynine, suggesting its potency may be due to proportionally higher levels of 7-hydroxymitragynine. These differences in alkaloid profiles are what make each strain unique and effective in quite different ways, but there is still much research to be done until we have a complete understanding of alkaloid effects, and an alkaloid profile of each strain, region, and vein color.

Traditional and Modern Methods throughout the thousands of years Kratom has been used, preparation methods have remained relatively the same; however, as western society has interacted with this plant, there have been some unique additions – recipes and methods to fit our unique needs.

The Kratom Quid
The quid is the original method of Kratom use for Southeast Asian cultures, especially Thailand. The quid method of use involves taking fresh Kratom leaves (a rare commodity in the western world), removing the stems and veins in one quick motion, bundling the Kratom and chewing it while holding the saliva and chewed leaf material in their mouth.

The quid works through mostly sublingual methods, however, the swallowed portion also has a considerable effect.

Toss and Wash Method
One of the most common Kratom preparation methods, if it could be called preparation at all, is the toss ‘n’ wash. This method is typically done by:

  • Putting water (or other liquid) in the mouth
  • Adding desired Kratom dose to this water
  • Submerging and mixing the Kratom/water mixture within the mouth to avoid dry particles getting caught in the mouth and throat
  • Taking another gulp of water while simultaneously swallowing the mixture
  • Chasing with more water to get down any debris

Kratom Tea
This is another very common preparation method, both in the west and east. Learning how to make Kratom tea is fairly simple:

  • Add water to pot (3-10 ounces)
  • Add desired Kratom dose
  • Simmer for 15 – 45 minutes (20 minutes typically suffices)
  • Optional: strain powder

Tea is considered effective by many because of the quick onset of effects; however, by straining out the powder, one may lose the full alkaloid spectrum of the plain leaf, reducing some medicinal potentials.

Tea Tips

  • Adding water to Kratom powder and freezing prior to making tea can increase the amount of alkaloids absorbed
  • Adding lemon juice, or small amounts of citric acid can also increase amount of alkaloids absorbed
  • One can salvage the strained powder from tea and reuse it to ensure no alkaloids are wasted

Kratom Tea Recipes
Because some are more sensitive to the bitter taste of Kratom tea, many tea recipes have been developed. One of the most effective we have seen for masking the taste of Kratom is to mix it with a flavoring, or mixture.

Speciosa Chai
One of the most effective Kratom recipes we have found is what we have heard called “Speciosa Chai”. This method is very simple and is composed of a few simple steps:

  • Condense Kratom tea to 3-4 ounces
  • Add 4-5 ounces of Chai tea mixture
  • Add sugar & cream/milk if desired

There are a variety of different chai mixtures one can experiment with; however, the Tazo Organic Chai Black Tea mix is the favorite we have seen at an associated kava bar in our area.

Simple Flavorings
Something that we have seen to be surprisingly effective at masking the taste are coffee pump flavorings- especially the fruit-based flavorings.

Mixtures & Blends
Another common method that has been used more recently for those who don’t want to toss ‘n’ wash or make tea, is to mix Kratom. Some of the most common mixers we have heard are:

  • Yogurt
  • Applesauce
  • Peanut Butter
  • Honey
  • Juice
  • Chocolate Milk

Mixing Kratom with these has the added benefit of allowing it to be taken while minimizing the taste, however, with some of these it may take longer to digest.

Another creative method we have heard is to mix Kratom with peanut butter to form little peanut butter balls to swallow. Nearly any decent tasting drink/mixture can be effective.

Additionally, tools such as blender bottles, commonly used for protein shakes, have been suggested for this process.

Kratom Capsules
A common form of Kratom preparation is by capping the Kratom powder rather than taking it whole, mixed or in tea form. Kratom capsules have the benefit of being easy to use.

Traditional Dosage
Dosage has been a key factor for those looking for specific effects. By dosing too low, the medicinal capabilities are nulled, while dosing too high can often lead to relatively harmless, but potentially unpleasant side-effects, such as the “wobbles” and minor nausea. To learn about Kratom dosage, refer below.

Average Dosage by Gram

  • Mild: 1 – 2 grams
  • Moderate: 2.5 – 4.5 grams
  • High: 5 – 8 grams

Average Dosage by Teaspoon

  • Mild – .5 – .9 tsp
  • Moderate – 1 – 2 tsp
  • High – 2 – 3.5 tsp

It should be noted that due to varying potency between strains and plants, this estimate is in no way standardized, instead it an estimate based on historical and experiential reports. Doses at the “high” end of the spectrum are also much more likely to cause side-effects, depending upon the strain.

Dosage Intervals
For best effect, many have found that this plant should not be taken in high doses regularly, as some of the medicinal effects can diminish. However, those who use this plant to combat chronic pain may find this inevitable, as pain doesn’t operate in a convenient time-cycle.

Strain Differences
Differences between strains is a factor that can’t be overlooked when calculating a dosage. There are a few primary strains that should be dosed relatively lower than the average, these strains are:

  • Maeng Da – Potent, active at lower doses
  • Bali – Side effects encountered at lower doses in comparison to other strains
  • Thai – Can be overstimulating for some at higher doses

Because of this, it is a good idea to modify dosage with these strains accordingly in order to achieve the best results. Some strains, such as Borneo, can be dosed relatively higher, due to their lack of side-effects. Because of this variability in strains, it is advisable to start low with any new or unknown strain.

Effects by Dosage
Something that is frequently encountered with a variety of strains is the difference in effects at differing doses. Although this varies depending upon the strain and where you buy Kratom, typically, lower doses are relatively more stimulating than higher doses; while the cause of this is not well known, it likely has to do with the diminishing returns of stimulating alkaloids in comparison to 7-hydroxymitragynine.

For anyone inexperienced with Kratom, it is essential to know about the philosophy, theory, and advice regarding Kratom dosage in order to get the ideal effects.

The “Less is More” Theory
The “less is more” theory is very popular among Kratom forums, and there is some evidence to back this theory. Almost every strain has an optimal dose for both medicinal and euphoric effects, and dosage above this ideal threshold can have paradoxical effects.

Now, it’s important to note that different strains have differing levels of this alkaloid, so if these common experiences are a result of this alkaloid, this statement may not apply to all strains – however, the majority of strains seem to be affected.

The “less is more” theory, is also advisable because lower dosage also creates less tolerance to effects, which can help maintain the plant’s medicinal potential over time.

Empty Stomach
As plain leaf has to be digested in order to have medicinal benefit, many have found it to be best taken on an empty stomach, as this will ensure the effects are delivered quickly and reliably. In addition to taking Kratom on an empty stomach, many have found that some foods seem to not only delay the effects of Kratom but nullify them almost entirely.

Because eating is a necessity, it may not always be possible to use it in this manner; for this reason, many have turned to Kratom tea to deliver effects more quickly and reliably.

Nootropic substances are a relatively new field of interest which shows much promise. Interestingly, some have reported good results by using Kratom as a nootropic in areas such as focus, motivation and memory.

Unlike traditional medications for focus (e.g. ADHD medication), the subjective experience of Kratom for many is that it doesn’t make your focus “stick” psychologically, rather it seems to dampen psychological background noise resulting from stress, anxiety or excessive excitement/restlessness, promoting natural focus ability. In this way it tends to lend itself to a more meditative quality of focus.

The “Wobbles” is a term that was coined within Kratom communities to describe the most prominent side effect of Kratom, especially Bali strains. The wobbles are defined by the difficulty to refocus the eyes at a specific point without strain and annoyance; this effect can lead to headaches and nausea.

While the wobbles are not much more than an annoyance, driving or operating other heavy machinery while experiencing the wobbles is dangerous, and should never be attempted.

Avoiding the Wobbles
The easiest way to avoid the wobbles is to keep the dosage below the side effect threshold. This threshold can vary between strains and plants. Typically, doses under 5 grams will generally prevent the wobbles, although there are some exceptions

Strains by Wobble Factor

  • Bali – High
  • Green Malaysian – Moderate/High
  • Indo – Moderate
  • Maeng Da – Moderate
  • Thai – Moderate/Low
  • Borneo – Low

Note: It is much more to experience the wobbles with strained kratom tea; leading many to believe that it is an effect caused by one of the fat-soluble alkaloids.

Combating the Wobbles
While there is not much information available on combating the wobbles, there are a few things that can help in the process.

  • Activated Charcoal – This supplement is one of the most effective ways to get rid of the wobbles; it works by adsorbing a portion of the wobble-causing alkaloids, negating the effects almost entirely.
  • Food/Carbonated Drinks – While these won’t help get rid of the wobbles, they can speed up digestion, allowing the symptoms to pass more quickly (if inevitable).
The language in each states bill may vary however the KCP Act is as follows… See Utah’s Bill below:
KRATOM CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT


  

2019 GENERAL SESSION


   

STATE OF UTAH


   



7     LONG TITLE
8     General Description:
9          This bill creates the Kratom Consumer Protection Act.
10     Highlighted Provisions:
11          This bill:
12          ▸     defines terms;
13          ▸     requires a person that prepares, distributes, sells, or offers to sell a kratom product
14     to follow certain labeling requirements;
15          ▸     prohibits a person from preparing, distributing, selling, or offering for sale certain
16     kratom products;
17          ▸     establishes penalties for violating the Kratom Consumer Protection Act;
18          ▸     requires registration with the Department of Agriculture and Food of any kratom
19     product offered for sale in this state;
20          ▸     requires the Department of Agriculture and Food to set a fee and create standards
21     for registering a kratom product;
22          ▸     creates a civil cause of action; and
23          ▸     requires the Department of Agriculture and Food to make rules to administer and
24     enforce the Kratom Consumer Protection Act.
25     Money Appropriated in this Bill:
26          None
27     Other Special Clauses:
28          None


29     Utah Code Sections Affected:
30     ENACTS:
31          4-44-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
32          4-44-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
33          4-44-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
34          4-44-104, Utah Code Annotated 1953
35          4-44-105, Utah Code Annotated 1953
36          4-44-106, Utah Code Annotated 1953
37          4-44-107, Utah Code Annotated 1953
38          4-44-108, Utah Code Annotated 1953
39     



40     Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
41          Section 1. Section 4-44-101 is enacted to read:
42     

CHAPTER 44. KRATOM CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT


43          4-44-101. Title.
44          This chapter is known as the “Kratom Consumer Protection Act.”
45          Section 2. Section 4-44-102 is enacted to read:
46          4-44-102. Definitions.
47          As used in this chapter:
48          (1) “Commissioner” means the commissioner of the department.
49          (2) “Department” means the Department of Agriculture and Food created in Section
50     4-2-102.
51          (3) “Food” means:
52          (a) an article used for food or drink for human or animal consumption or the
53     components of the article;
54          (b) chewing gum or chewing gum components; or
55          (c) a food supplement for special dietary use that is necessitated because of a physical,


56     physiological, pathological, or other condition.
57          (4) “Kratom processor” means a person who:
58          (a) sells, prepares, or maintains a kratom product; or
59          (b) advertises, represents, or holds oneself out as selling, preparing, or maintaining a
60     kratom product.
61          (5) “Kratom product” mean food containing any part of a leaf of the plant Mitragyna
62     speciosa.
63          Section 3. Section 4-44-103 is enacted to read:
64          4-44-103. Factual basis for claim as kratom product required — Administrative
65     penalty — Request for hearing.
66          (1) A kratom processor shall disclose on the product label of each kratom product that
67     the kratom processor prepares, distributes, sells, or offers for sale the factual basis upon which
68     the kratom processor represents the food as a kratom product.
69          (2) For a violation of Subsection (1), a kratom processor is subject to an administrative
70     fine of:
71          (a) up to $500 for the first offense; and
72          (b) up to $1,000 for a second or subsequent offense.
73          (3) Upon the request of a kratom processor fined under this section, the commissioner
74     shall conduct a hearing in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 4, Utah Administrative
75     Procedures Act.
76          Section 4. Section 4-44-104 is enacted to read:
77          4-44-104. Kratom processor requirements — Criminal penalty.
78          (1) A kratom processor may not prepare, distribute, sell, or offer for sale a kratom
79     product:
80          (a) that is mixed or packed with a non-kratom substance that affects the quality or
81     strength of the kratom product to such a degree as to render the kratom product injurious to a
82     consumer;


83          (b) that contains a poisonous or otherwise deleterious non-kratom ingredient, including
84     a controlled substance as defined in Section 58-37-2;
85          (c) containing a level of 7-hydroxymitragynine in the alkaloid fraction that is greater
86     than 2% of the alkaloid composition of the kratom product;
87          (d) containing a synthetic alkaloid, including synthetic mitragynine, synthetic
88     7-hydroxymitragynine, or any other synthetically derived compound of the kratom plant; or
89          (e) that does not include a product label on the kratom product packaging that states the
90     amount of mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine contained in the packaged kratom product.
91          (2) A kratom processor who violates Subsection (1) is guilty of a class C misdemeanor
92     for each violation.
93          (3) A kratom processor does not violate Subsection (1) if the kratom processor shows
94     by a preponderance of the evidence that the kratom processor relied in good faith upon the
95     representation of a manufacturer, processor, packer, or distributor of food represented to be a
96     kratom product.
97          (4) A kratom processor may not prepare, distribute, sell, or offer for sale a kratom
98     product that is not registered with the department in accordance with this chapter.
99          (5) A kratom processor shall register as a food establishment in accordance with
100     Section 4-5-301.
101          Section 5. Section 4-44-105 is enacted to read:
102          4-44-105. Prohibition on sale to minors — Criminal penalty.
103          (1) A kratom processor may not distribute, sell, or offer for sale a kratom product to an
104     individual under 18 years of age.
105          (2) A kratom processor who violates this section is guilty of a class C misdemeanor for
106     each violation.
107          Section 6. Section 4-44-106 is enacted to read:
108          4-44-106. Civil action available.
109          In addition to and distinct from any other remedy at law, an individual may bring a civil


110     action, in a competent court of jurisdiction, for damages resulting from a violation of this
111     chapter, including economic, noneconomic, or consequential damages.
112          Section 7. Section 4-44-107 is enacted to read:
113          4-44-107. Rulemaking.
114          (1) In accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the
115     department shall make rules for the administration and enforcement of this chapter.
116          (2) The rules described in Subsection (1) shall include standards for a registered
117     kratom product, including standards for:
118          (a) testing to ensure the product is safe for human consumption;
119          (b) accurate labeling; and
120          (c) any other issue the department considers necessary.
121          Section 8. Section 4-44-108 is enacted to read:
122          4-44-108. Registration of kratom products — Department duties.
123          (1) The department shall set a fee to register a kratom product, in accordance with
124     Section 4-2-103.
125          (2) The fee described in Subsection (1) may be paid by a producer, manufacturer, or
126     distributor of a kratom product, but a kratom product may not be registered with the
127     department until the fee is paid.
128          (3) The department shall:
129          (a) set an administrative fine, larger than the fee described in Subsection (1), for a
130     person who sells a kratom product that is not registered with the department; and
131          (b) assess the fine described in Subsection (3)(a) against any person who offers an
132     unregistered kratom product for sale in this state.
133          (4) The department may seize and destroy any unregistered kratom product offered for
134     sale in this state.